LENTILS VARIETIES

Green Lentil

Macrosperma lentils may also be referred to as brown, yellow, Chilean or Continental lentils. The seed coat ranges in colour from green to brown and the cotyledons are yellow. Seed size varies from 6-9 mm in diameter and 6-8 g in 100 seed weight. Markets consider seed of 7-8 mm optimal, 6.5-7.5 mm acceptable and 4-5mm too small. Large-seeded green lentils are consumed whole in many traditional Middle Eastern dishes.

Green lentil – BOOMER

Large seeded green lentil that is tall, bulky and vigorous but can lodge when growing conditions are favourable. Sowing early can increase lodging and result in smaller seed. Boomer is MR to foliar infection by ascochyta blight but MS to seed infection. It is MR to botrytis grey mould. Early harvest is important to prevent shattering and produce good coloured seed.

Red Lentil

Microsperma lentils have a seed coat which may range from light grey, through brown, to black. The distinctive orange / red cotyledon or kernel is seen when the seed is dehulled or split. Seeds are small with varieties ranging in diameter from 2-6 mm and 100 seed weight from 2-6 g. Seed size and shape are important marketing factors as they affect ease and yield of splitting.

Among other things split red lentils are consumed in curries and are boiled to make Indian “dhal” and lentil soup. Lentil flour is used to make pappadams or added to cereal flour to make breads, cakes and baby foods. Immature pods and sprouted seeds may also be eaten as a vegetable.