CHIKPEAS VARIETIES

Kabuli Chikpeas

Kabuli have large, rounder seeds, weighing about 400mg. They are white to cream coloured and are almost exclusively used whole. They are preferred through the Mediterranean region.

Kabuli type – ALMAZ

Is MS-MR to ascochyta blight. Seed is slightly larger than Kaniva but smaller than Nafice. Yield is equal or better than Kaniva and offers a much lower disease risk option. Almaz will require at least 3 fungicide applications to be successfully grown in Victorian growing conditions. Best adapted to the traditional kabuli growing areas.

Kabuli type – GENESIS TM  079

Good resistance to ascochyta blight, Genesis 079 is likely to only require one fungicide application during podding. It is a high yielding small seeded type (6-7mm) with relatively high yields in short season environments. Genesis 079 is the earliest flowering and maturing kabuli variety available.

Kabuli type – GENESIS TM  090

Genesis 090 has good ascochyta blight resistance and is likely to require only one fungicide application during podding. It has shown wide adaptation and excellent yield stability, including in drier environments. Genesis 090 has a smaller seed, approximately 1mm smaller than that of Kaniva. Genesis 090 has the potential to be grown as a good alternative to desi chickpeas or as a higher yielding but lower value alternative (smaller seed) to kabuli’s such as Almaz and Nafice.

Kabuli type – GENESIS TM  114

MS to ascochyta blight and when grown in Victoria is likely to require strategic fungicide applications (2-4 sprays) throughout the growing season. Seed size is larger than Kaniva (8-9 mm) and has been higher yielding than Almaz and Nafice. Genesis 114 has an erect plant habit and excellent lodging resistance.

Kabuli type – KALKEE

MS to ascochyta blight and when grown in Victoria is likely to require strategic fungicide applications (2-4 sprays) throughout the growing season. Seed size is larger than Kaniva (8-9 mm) and has been higher yielding than Almaz and Nafice. Genesis 114 has an erect plant habit and excellent lodging resistance.

Kabuli type – NAFICE

S to ascochyta blight. Kaniva was the main kabuli variety grown in south-east Australia. It has poorer standing ability than most varieties.

Desi Chikpeas

Desi Chickpeas types have small angular seeds weighing about 120 mg, are wrinkled at the beak and range in colour from brown, light brown, fawn, yellow, orange, black or green. They are normally dehulled and split to obtain dhal and are favoured in India.

Desi type – GENESIS TM 509

Has good ascochyta resistance and is likely to require only one fungicide application during podding. Seed is less preferred than Howzat and PBA Slasher. Genesis 509 yields lower than PBA Slasher. It has shown broad adaptation and is suited to both the Wimmera and Mallee regions.

Desi type – HOWZAT

S to ascochyta blight and strategic application of fungicides is required. Initially prostrate rather than erect, but standing ability improves towards maturity. Mid flowering with tan grain of medium size. Howzat is less susceptible to botrytis grey mould than most current varieties. The variety has excellent adaptation to most chickpea growing regions.

Desi type – PBA SLASHER

Good resistance to foliar infection by ascochyta and is likely to require only one fungicide application during podding. Seed is medium size tan-brown which has excellent milling quality, suitable for both split and whole seed markets. PBA Slasher has mid flowering and maturity. It is susceptible to botrytis grey mould, similar to Genesis TM varieties.